Australian Football ist eine eigenständige Sportart, die von der Struktur und den Regeln her mit keiner anderen näher verwand ist. "Geboren" wurde Australian. Von März bis September treten die Teams des Australian Rules Football (AFL) gegeneinander an, um die acht Mannschaften zu küren, die in die Finalserie. Australien Football Livescore auf FlashScore bietet Liveticker, Ergebnisse und Tabellenstände für AFL, SANF und andere australische Football Ligen.
Australian Football VideoThe Rules of Australian (Aussie Rules) Football - EXPLAINED!
football australian - share yourGreater Western Sydney Giants. Die Verlierer der Ausscheidungsfinals sind endgültig aus dem Wettbewerb ausgeschieden. Australian Football ist eine Vollkontakt-Sportart. Ein Tor zählt sechs Punkte, ein Behind einen. Greater Western Sydney Giants. Pro Mannschaft sind 18 Spieler auf dem Feld erlaubt. Vier Jahre blieb er, ging kurz zurück nach Australien, gewann noch zwei Premierships, nicht die oberste Liga, aber immerhin. Sie können diesen einzigartig australischen Sport bei mehr als Heim- und Auswärtsspielen zwischen März und September erleben. Das Ziel des Spiels ist es durch Schüsse zwischen die Pfosten zu punkten. Am Ende der Saison erhält der Tabellenerste den Ligapokal.
Der Titel selbst hat jedoch keine oder nur geringe Bedeutung. Die Meisterschaft wird immer in einer Finalserie entschieden. Die beiden erfolgreichsten Teams treffen im Finale Grand Final aufeinander, indem die Meisterschaft entschieden wird.
Sie weist als eine von nur vier Sportligen einen Zuschauerdurchschnitt von mehr als Aus der AFL gibt es keinen Abstieg. Bis nahmen lediglich Vereine aus Victoria am Wettbewerb teil.
Zehn der 18 Vereine kommen immer noch aus Victoria, neun davon aus Melbourne und den Vororten dieser Stadt. Essendon wurde der erste Meister, oder Premier von Victoria.
Rekord-Premiers sind Carlton und Essendon mit jeweils 16 Titeln. Die Vereine sind hier in der Regel mit ihren hochpropagierten Spitznamen angegeben.
Irland hat im Endspiel gegen Papua-Neuguinea gewonnen. Die Saison bestreiten neun Teams. Die Vienna Kangaroos vorher: Wiener Dingos haben den Spielbetrieb eingestellt.
Sie nahmen am Spielbetrieb der italienischen Liga teil. Australian Football League Germany. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte.
The Night Series is generally considered to be of equivalent importance as the pre-season competition and the VFL Night Series — , and records relating to the three competitions are often combined.
With the number of players recruited from country leagues increasing, the wealthier VFL clubs were gaining an advantage that metropolitan zoning and the Coulter law salary cap restricting player payments had prevented in the past.
Country zoning was introduced in the late s, and while it pushed Essendon and Geelong from the top of the ladder, it created severe inequality during the s and s.
The s was a period of significant structural change in Australian football around the country. The VFL was the most popular and dominant of the state leagues around the country in terms of overall attendance, interest, and money, and began to look towards expanding its influence directly into other states.
The VFL and its top clubs were asserting their financial power to recruit top players from interstate.
The Swans moved their home games to Sydney in , officially renaming themselves the Sydney Swans the following year. Under the private ownership of wealthy Dr Geoffrey Edelsten during the mids Sydney became a successful team on-field.
Of particular note were approaches by the East Perth Royals in ,  the Norwood Redlegs in  and ,  and an East - South Fremantle merger proposal in These expansion team licences were awarded on payment of multimillion-dollar fees which were not required of the existing VFL clubs.
In financial troubles nearly forced Footscray and Fitzroy to merge, but a fundraising event from Footscray supporters stopped the proposed merger at the eleventh hour.
The s first saw new regular timeslots for VFL matches. VFL matches had previously been played on Saturday afternoons but Sydney began playing its home matches on Sunday afternoons and North Melbourne pioneered playing matches on Friday night.
These have since become regular timeslots for all teams. The first National Draft was introduced in and a salary cap was introduced in The league was officially renamed the Australian Football League in to reflect its national composition.
In the AFLPA , the players union, signed its first Collective Bargaining Agreement CBA with the league which outlined wages and conditions in what was becoming a sole source of income for players who had previously had part-time or full-time jobs outside of football.
In response, the SANFL established a composite South Australian team called the Adelaide Crows , which was awarded the licence and joined the league in as the fourth non Victorian club.
The Eagles would then win the premiership in and Hawthorn proposed to merge with Melbourne to form the Melbourne Hawks but the merger ultimately fell through and both teams continued as separate entities.
Fitzroy, however, was too weak to continue by itself. The club nearly merged with North Melbourne to form the Fitzroy-North Melbourne Kangaroos but the other clubs voted against it.
At the end of Fitzroy played its last match and merged with Brisbane to form the Brisbane Lions. Through the s there was a significant trend of Melbourne-based teams abandoning the use of their small 20,—30, capacity suburban venues for home matches in favour of the larger MCG and Waverley Park.
The transition to the use of only two venues in Melbourne was ultimately completed in when Carlton abandoned the use of Princes Park.
Representative state football came to an end, with the last State of Origin match held in In the late s, the AFL looked to establish a permanent presence on the Gold Coast in the state of Queensland, which was fast-developing as a major population centre.
North Melbourne, which was in financial difficulty and had played a few home games on the Gold Coast in previous years, was offered significant subsidies to relocate to the Gold Coast but declined.
The night game between St Kilda and Sydney was played in front of a crowd of 22, on Anzac Day to honour the Anzac bond between the two countries. Port Adelaide won the game by 72 points.
The AFL operates on a single table system, with no divisions and conferences, nor promotion and relegation from other leagues. Over the next century, a series of expansions, a relocation, a merger and a club withdrawal saw the leagues teams expand to the 18 teams there are today.
In , the national nature of the competition resulted in the name change to the Australian Football League. Australian Capital Territory , Northern Territory and Tasmania are the only states or territories not to have AFL clubs, although at least two games per year are played in each of these parts of the country.
The current 18 teams are based across five states of Australia; the majority ten still remain in Victoria, nine of which are located in the Melbourne metropolitan area.
Since the league commenced in as the VFL, only one club, University , has withdrawn from the competition. It last competed in and withdrew because, as a strictly amateur club, it became unable to remain competitive in a time when player payments were becoming common;   the club still competes to this day in the Victorian Amateur Football Association VAFA.
However, after coming out of financial administration in , Fitzroy resumed its playing operations in and also competes in the VAFA.
Prior to the expansion of the competition, most grounds were located in suburban Melbourne, with Princes Park , Victoria Park , the Junction Oval , Waverley Park , and the Lake Oval each having hosted over games.
AFL players are drawn from a number of sources; however, most players enter the league through the AFL draft , held at the end of each season.
A small number of players have converted from other sports, or been recruited internationally. Prior to the nationalisation of the competition, a zoning system was in place.
At the end of the season, the best 22 players and coach from across the competition are selected in the All-Australian team.
The AFL has tight controls over the player lists of each club. Currently, apart from the recently added expansion clubs who have some additional players, each team can have a senior list of 38 to 40 players plus 4 to 6 rookie players , to a total of 44 players  following a reduction by two of the number of rookies in and up to three development rookies international, alternate talent or New South Wales scholarship players.
A mid-year draft was conducted between and The draft order is based on reverse-finishing position from the previous year, but selections can be traded.
Both the salary cap and salary floor has increased substantially since the competition was rebranded as the AFL in Salaries of draft selections are fixed for two years.
The breaches of the salary cap and salary floor regulations outlined by the AFL are: The most significant breach of the salary cap was that of the Carlton Football Club in the early s.
There were players on AFL club senior, veteran, rookie and international lists in , including players from every state and mainland territory of Australia.
There were 12 players recruited from outside Australia on AFL lists in , including 10 from Ireland, all converts from Gaelic football drafted as part of the Irish Experiment , and one each from the United States and Canada.
There were also another five overseas-born players who emigrated to Australia at an early age on AFL lists. An international rookie list and international scholarship list were introduced in The international rookie list includes up to two players between the ages of 15 and 23 who are not Australian citizens.
These players may remain on this list for up to three years before they must be transferred to the senior or rookie list.
For the first year, payments made to international-rookie-listed players fall outside the salary cap. The international scholarship list gives AFL clubs the option of recruiting up to eight players from outside Australia other than Ireland.
Of the multicultural players, more than half have one parent from Anglophone countries, mainly the United Kingdom, Ireland and New Zealand. From until , the AFL ran a pre-season competition that finished prior to the commencement of the premiership season, which served as both warm-up matches for the season and as a stand-alone competition.
It was mostly contested as a four-week knock out tournament , but the format changed after the expansion of the league beyond sixteen clubs in , and has frequently been used to trial rule changes.
In , the competition format was abandoned, and practice matches are now played under the sponsored name JLT Community Series.
This consists of all 18 clubs playing two matches each, which are played on some weekdays and weekends, throughout February and early March.
The game is played on soccer -sized pitches and features seven players a side and three interchange players , two ten-minute halves and other rules designed to speed up the game.
The AFL home-and-away season at present lasts for 23 rounds, starting in late March and ending in early September.
As of the AFL season , each team plays 22 matches, with one bye. Teams receive four premiership points for a win and two premiership points for a draw.
Ladder finishing positions are based on the number of premiership points won, and "percentage" calculated as the ratio of points scored to points conceded throughout the season is used as a tie-breaker when teams finish with equal premiership points.
At the end of the home-and-away season, the McClelland Trophy is awarded to the minor premiers. Some matches are also themed for special events.
For example, each year Collingwood play Essendon in the annual Anzac Day clash at the MCG and the game will typically sell out regardless of the positions of the two teams on the ladder due to their strong rivalry and huge followings.
There are separate trophies for the matches between several clubs and former rivalries such as the Lake Trophy between St Kilda and the Sydney Swans.
The top eight teams at the end of the AFL Premiership season compete in a four-week finals series throughout September, culminating in a grand final to determine the premiers.
The finals series is played under the AFL final eight system , and the grand final is traditionally played at the Melbourne Cricket Ground on the afternoon of the last Saturday in September.
The winning team receives a silver premiership cup, a navy blue premiership flag — a new one of each is manufactured each year — and is recorded on the perpetual E.
Other independent best and fairest awards are presented by different football and media organisations.
Since the naming of this side, most AFL clubs have nominated their own teams of the century. Since there has been no official state representation for AFL players, despite the concept being well supported among fans and calls to re-introduce a State of Origin series.
VFL players first represented the Victoria representative team in regardless of their state of origin. The AFL Commission assumed control of interstate football in and co-ordinated an annual State of Origin series typically held during a mid-season bye round.
However, after the series, the AFL declared the concept of interstate football "on hold", citing club unwillingness to release star players and a lack of public interest: The AFL shifted its focus of representative football to the International Rules Series where it draws a greater television revenue.
A once-off representative match, known as the AFL Hall of Fame Tribute Match , was played in to celebrate the th anniversary of the sport between a team of players of Victorian origin and a team of players of interstate origin the " Dream Team " , which was won by Victoria.
Some past AFL players participate and help promote the E. The game itself is a hybrid sport , consisting of rules from both Australian football and Gaelic football.
The 4 remaining players are reserves three of which can be interchanged with any other player in the team as often as the coach wants.
The forth can replace a player but the replaced player can not come back on to the field of play. Every game consists of 4 quarters, being 20 minutes and overtime stoppage time, time-keepers acting upon central umpire signals to determine how long.
After every quarter the teams swap direction. The quarter is started when the umpire blows his whistle and bounces the ball in the middle of the field similar to a basketball "tip" and opposing players try to tap or punch the ball to their team-mates.
The idea of the game is to kick more goals than the other team. At each end of the field are 4 poles. Players score points by kicking the ball between the poles.
A goal is a kick between the centermost posts. It is worth 6 points. A Behind worth 1 point is a kick that goes between the outer posts.
Players can bounce the ball and hit it with their hand handball it to other players. If a player catches a ball after the ball has been kicked in the air by another player, then this is a "mark" and the player cannot be tackled until he plays on.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian Football League" pdf 18 pages. A survey of cultural diversity and racism in Australian sport.
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